Crafting a strong patent application by focusing on unique features and technical advantages

Strong patents are instrumental for businesses.  A strong patent can be enforced against competition, licensed for royalties, and even sold.  A weak patent on the other hand can be extremely dangerous and give inventors a false sense of security.  

1. Understanding the Patent Application Process: A Quick Overview

Applying for a patent at the USPTO can be a complex and intricate process, but having a clear understanding of the steps involved can greatly increase your chances of success. The first step is to conduct a comprehensive patent search to ensure your invention is unique and doesn’t infringe on any existing patents.

Once you have confirmed your invention’s newness (novelty), you can move on to drafting your patent application. This involves writing a detailed description of your invention, including its unique features and technical advantages. It is essential to be thorough and provide sufficient information to enable someone skilled in the field to replicate your invention.  Skipping this step can be costly and jeopardize your entire patent. 

After drafting, you will need to file your application with the relevant patent office. This will typically require paying a filing fee and submitting various forms and documents. Once your application is submitted, it will undergo a rigorous examination process to determine its patentability. This includes reviewing the description, claims, and supporting documentation.  Did you know each major country has its own patent office?  If you want global coverage this can make the entire process very expensive.  Thankfully there is a bit of hack we can use to cover almost every country at once with a relatively lower upfront fee.  See our post on PCT applications.  

If your application meets the necessary requirements and is deemed patentable, you will be granted a patent. It is important to note that the process can take several years, depending on the jurisdiction and the backlog of applications.  During this waiting period you can pitch your idea a “Patent Pending”.  

2. Identifying Unique Features: Key Element for a Strong Patent Application

When crafting a strong patent application, one of the most crucial aspects is identifying and highlighting the unique features of your invention. These features set your invention apart from existing solutions and make it more likely to be granted a patent.

Start by thoroughly analyzing your invention to identify what aspects are truly new and innovative. This could be a specific design, a unique material, or a novel combination of existing elements. These unique features should be clearly described and emphasized in your patent application.

It is important to provide detailed and specific explanations of how these unique features work and the benefits they offer. This will not only demonstrate the novelty of your invention but also help to establish its technical advantages over existing solutions.

Remember, a patent is not granted for vague or generic ideas; it is granted for specific and tangible inventions. Therefore, it is crucial to thoroughly describe how your invention works, what problems it solves, and the advantages it offers over existing solutions.

3. Uncovering Technical Advantages: Enhancing Patentability and Marketability

Uncovering and highlighting the technical advantages of your invention is a key aspect of crafting a strong patent application. These advantages not only enhance the patentability of your invention but also make it more marketable to potential licensees or investors.

Technical advantages could include faster processing times, increased efficiency, cost savings, improved functionality, or any other benefit that sets your invention apart from existing solutions.

Additionally, consider the potential commercial value of your invention. Highlighting how your invention could disrupt or improve existing markets, capture new markets, or create new business opportunities can greatly enhance the marketability of your patent.

By uncovering and emphasizing the technical advantages of your invention, you not only increase the chances of obtaining a patent but also attract potential licensees or investors who see the value in your invention.

Note that the patent office does not really care too much about your “selling points” or why your invention is better, rather, they want to know how its different from a technical perspective.   For example,  it would be a mistake to simply say your new pen is better because it has more ink.  Instead, you should clearly show in your figures how your pen is structurally different and allows more ink to be held.  Each important different should be labeled with a number in your figures and descried in detail in your application.  

4. Crafting a Clear and Precise Description: Maximizing the Patent’s Value

When crafting your patent application, it is crucial to provide a clear and precise description of your invention. A well-written description not only helps the patent examiner understand your invention but also maximizes the value of your patent.

Start by explaining the technical field in which your invention operates and the existing problems or challenges it addresses. Provide a detailed description of how your invention works, including its components, configurations, and functionality. Use clear and concise language, avoiding overly technical jargon.

It is important to include specific examples, diagrams, and illustrations called figures to further clarify your invention. These visuals can greatly enhance the understanding of your invention and improve the overall quality of your patent application.

5. Strengthening Your Application with Supporting Documentation: Tips and Best Practices

In addition to a clear description and well-drafted claims, supporting documentation can greatly strengthen your patent application. These documents provide additional evidence, credibility, and context for your invention.

One essential supporting document is a detailed technical drawing or figure illustrating the various components, configurations, and functionalities of your invention. These drawings should be clear, labeled, and referenced in the description and claims.

If your invention has been tested or benchmarked, including test results or performance data can significantly enhance the technical merit of your application. These results should be presented in a clear and organized manner, allowing the patent examiner to assess the credibility and advantages of your invention.

When including supporting documentation, ensure that it is directly relevant to your invention, organized, and easily accessible. Use clear labels, headings, and references to guide the examiner through the various documents.  Note that hyperlinks or links to websites are not allowed in patent applications. 

By strengthening your application with well-organized and relevant supporting documentation, you provide the patent examiner with the necessary evidence and context to evaluate the novelty, technical advantages, and market potential of your invention.


Crafting a strong patent application requires careful attention to detail, thorough explanations of unique features, and clear descriptions of technical advantages. By following these strategies and best practices, you increase your chances of obtaining a valuable patent that effectively protects and showcases your invention.

Remember, the patent application process can be complex, and it is recommended to consult with a qualified patent attorney or agent to ensure that your application is comprehensive, well-crafted, and maximizes the potential of your invention.

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